Educational resources

Graphomotricity in children according to their age

Graphomotricity in children refers to the movements made by children when carrying out an activity (writing or drawing) with their hands.

It is key to encourage graphomotricity so that children have the opportunity to develop those motor activities that are directly related to better control of their body.

Today we will learn a little about graphomotricity according to the child’s age, the steps that they burn depending on their age and some other activity that you can do to help them better develop these skills.

Graphomotricity 1 year

The truth is that in the first 12 months, graphomotor skills are not yet an activity that we should take into account, but when the child is 18 months old, that is, 1 year and a half, we must start looking for activities that can help with graphomotor skills 1 year.

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In this case, just giving them colors, markers and a few sheets to do what naturally a child of that age can do (scribbles with different shapes and colors) will have good results and it will only be necessary to continue waiting a little while for the child continues to grow and can perform other types of activities.

Graphomotricity 2 years

Graphomotricity 2 years is still maintained within the drawing of doodles and different shapes without much control of what is being done.

Similarly, they will be able to see that the strokes make a little more sense and that they can better control what they draw.

Graphomotricity 3 years

Graphomotricity at 3 years is already a little more important, at that age the child has better perception and coordinates each movement he makes with his hands with what he looks at.

What does this mean? That already your little one can understand what he is drawing and will try to control his little hands to draw or write what he has in mind.

The drawings will still not be very clear due to the little motor control that children have at that age, despite this, he will be able to tell you that he is trying to draw.

Graphomotricity 4 years

Your child continues to grow and show changes in his abilities, now with 4-year-old graphomotor skills you will notice that your child will tell you beforehand what he wants to draw in his mind.


Clearly the quality of the representation of what the child intends to draw will depend on many other things as well as their cognitive abilities, among other things.

The important thing is that you understand that at this age they begin to have a better idea of ​​what they are drawing and developing and that you always try to carry out activities that improve their motor skills.

Graphomotricity 5 years

At this point you begin to see notable changes and depending on the child, his upbringing, his way of being and many other things, the drawings may develop in completely different ways.

Some children in the 5-year-old stage of graphomotor make really complete drawings and others just some sketches.

What activities can be done to help develop graphomotor skills in children?

Now that we know how our children should behave with graphomotor skills according to their ages and their development, let’s find out what activities we can do together with them to improve these skills and ensure that their process is perfectly fulfilled.

For hand dexterity


An activity that may seem simple but is quite useful consists of making the child clap his hands trying to follow a kind of rhythm (a song, for example).

These types of activities are recommended, for example, to help with children’s graphomotricity at a maximum of 3 years old, at older ages the child may not have so much fun with this activity and we should think about other things.

It might also help to have him imitate you (do or repeat the same movements) as you open and close your hands and move your fingers.

On the other hand, an activity that children of many ages find very amusing is repeating sounds and movements of animals. You can take advantage of this to improve graphomotor skills for 4-year-olds or older by making them imitate sounds and movements (with their little hands) of animals such as cats. , birds and more. What is important clearly is the movement they make with their arms and hands.

For the dexterity of your fingers


An activity that you can do for children 3 years old or even younger is to make them raise their little fingers one by one with their hands closed. Clearly when your children are very young they will not understand the instructions, what can you do? Make these movements with them so that they imitate what you are doing and follow your example.

When they have a little more coordination between their little hands and their eyes, you can accompany them to carry out some activities that will be of great help to develop their graphomototricity 6 years, activities such as tying their shoelaces and untying them several times, fastening and unfastening the buttons of their shirts, basket objects in the garbage (for example) and a few other things.

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Another activity that you can think of and do as a fun game is the finger game.

What is finger play? The child must touch with one of his hands the fingers of the opposite hand that you tell him. For example, you start with the little finger, then the thumb, and so on, and you should touch your fingers in that order. It should be done at low speed first and then gradually increase speed.

To develop different types of strokes

Clearly, these 4-year-old printable graphomotricity exercises are key and should simply consist of drawing different types of shapes, figures, lines to adapt to the type of line we are seeking to develop.

It is important that the child knows how to make lines in straight lines, but also that he knows how to do it for curved lines. Therefore, you should seek to develop activities for both types of strokes, the most advisable thing is to print drawings and make them follow the lines, make them draw some different strokes and much more.

Today you have learned about free graphomotricity and all the activities you can do for your children without the need to spend a hundred pesos, it is important that you know about this so that you can see if your child develops correctly or if, on the other hand, he needs more help with the activities that we discussed previously.

If you have doubts about what graphomotricity is, we invite you to read this article and clarify your concerns and have better ideas to work with your little ones.

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