What is critical pedagogy, its classification, origin and much more

Do you want to know general and very important information about pedagogy? Today we will tell you such relevant things as: What is critical pedagogy? Where does pedagogy originate? Its classification and some other things that surely may interest you.

What is pedagogy?


Pedagogy is simply a branch of science whose main objective is to study education looking at it from a cultural and social aspect.

After the study of education, some decisions would be sought regarding the techniques and methods to guide education in a better direction.

Origin of pedagogy

Pedagogy has been part of society since the beginning of humanity.

Possibly in the early years it would not be known by this same name, but all the great thinkers and philosophers had in their thoughts new forms of study and methodologies that would improve the way of learning in society.

busts of philosophers

The foundations of the pedagogy that we know today are given around the 17th century with the work of the Jesuits.

A century later Rousseau and Pestalozzi would give the beginnings to what we know today as modern pedagogy.

Classification of pedagogy

According to the experts in science and thought that you can read, you will find different types of classifications of pedagogy.

In general, many people classify them into the following: normative, psychological, theological, theoretical, technological, institutional, professional, urban, descriptive, practical, and the one we will learn much more about today: critical pedagogy.

What is critical pedagogy?

The concept of critical pedagogy may depend a bit on each author you can read.

In general, its main objective is to change traditional education for methods and techniques that give young students critical thinking of their own.


In short, the importance of critical pedagogy lies in the fact that students have the tools to question the knowledge that they are given and that they generate their own answers regarding things as important as society and everything that surrounds them.

Is it clear to you what critical pedagogy is? If so, now we go with a little history and much more.

When does critical pedagogy arise?

Within an introduction to critical pedagogy it is extremely important to answer the question: When does critical pedagogy arise?

It is also relevant that you know a little more about the parents of this current of thought that seeks to combat the ways in which society is oppressed.


Paulo Freire (a pedagogue and philosopher) gives rise to this concept and makes it known through a book published at the end of 1968.

This book will take on great importance in the history of pedagogy and its name is: “Pedagogy of the oppressed”.

According to its authors, critical pedagogy has the purpose of always carrying with us a critical criterion.

It seeks that we are able to have our own opinion of the things that society takes for granted and that perhaps they do not sit down to think about them long enough.

We can also learn about critical pedagogy and its representatives, Henry Giroux, one of the founders of this current of thought in the United States, or Peter McLaren, a great promoter of this concept throughout the world and who has been influenced by the Marxist-humanist current of thought. .

What are the advantages and disadvantages of critical pedagogy?

Let’s learn a little more about the advantages and disadvantages of critical pedagogy and the scope it may have.

¿Puedes darte cuenta como la pedagogía crítica es una manera ética de generar procesos educativos?

Can you realize how critical pedagogy is an ethical way of generating educational processes?

Of course, not everything is good, the main problem is that the weak minds of society do not have the facility to accept this “new” current of thought and for that reason many are in charge of criticizing it and ensuring that it has no future in the supposed modern education.

What are the goals of critical pedagogy?

Let us know a little better what critical pedagogy seeks or what its main objectives are.

What is known about this concept in Colombia?

An interesting article that was presented a few years ago by Piedad Ortega Valencia has made it quite clear that critical pedagogy in Colombia is here to stay and that in many popular sectors different initiatives have been carried out to promote this knowledge in teachers and students of our country.

Clearly we still have a lot of work to do to reach a point where as a society we criticize and question our way of living.

But it seems that we are on the right track and that the work done is good, but there is still a long way to go.

We also invite you to read a great article about schools kill creativity and what we consider important for the education process at home with our children.

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